Compensation for the fisheries sector
This information space is dedicated to the beneficiaries of the financial compensation measures for the fisheries sector.
The implementation of these compensation measures is the subject of consultations between the fisheries committees, the institutions and the organisations of the fishing industry.
The offshore wind project off the coast of the Bay of Saint-Brieuc is being developed by Ailes Marines, a company wholly owned by the energy company IBERDROLA.
Winner in April 2012 of the call for tenders n°2011/S 126-208873, Ailes Marines is in charge of the development, construction and operation of the offshore wind farm, in the area defined by the French State, off the coast of Costa Rica.
The Saint-Brieuc wind farm, which is due to be commissioned in 2023, will consist of 62 Siemens Gamesa Renewable Energy 8 Megawatt wind turbines, for a total output of 496 Megawatts. The turbines will be spread over an area of 75 km², with the closest turbine to the coast located 16.3 km from Cap Fréhel.
The expected energy production will amount to 1,850 Gigawatt hours, equivalent to the electricity consumption of 835,000 inhabitants, including heating.
The 62 wind turbines will be arranged in 7 rows of 3 to 14 turbines, spaced at approximately 1,300 metres. Within each line, the distance between turbines is approximately 1,000 metres.
An electrical substation is located in the centre of the wind farm, aligned with the turbines in the fourth row.
The transport and installation part will be carried out by the companies Van Oord and SAIPEM.
Installation work began in the first half of 2021, with commissioning scheduled for late 2023.
Avoid, Reduce, Compensate
Ailes Marines has implemented all possible measures to avoid and reduce disturbance to fishermen. Nevertheless, the unavoidable exclusion of fishing companies from the construction zones constitutes a loss that Ailes Marines undertakes to compensate.
A sequencing of works has been put in place since May 2021 to reduce the impact of the project on fishing activity.
The following diagrams illustrate the sequence of orders temporarily regulating maritime activities in the bay during the construction of the wind farm.
The system of compensations put in place
In order to take into account the prejudice suffered by the fishing companies which are subject to a significant restriction of their activities linked to the construction of the wind farm, compensatory measures are proposed by Ailes Marines. They are broken down into collective and individual measures to take into account the entire fishing industry.
The compensation is legally regulated and is intended to compensate for real damage, some of which is attributable to the areas closed by the wind farm construction work. This implies that each fisherman must provide proof of his habitual use of the exclusion zones and of his loss of turnover.
What is compensated?
Business losses directly linked to the closure of fishing areas
Which economic actors are concerned?
Fishing enterprises that suffer economic damage
Which phase of the project is concerned?
The construction phase
What is the need to be compensated?
Assessment of the operating loss for the vessels concerned
- 2011: Impact study on the fisheries sector carried out by the consultancy OCEANIC DEVELOPMENT
- 2014: Analysis of VALPENA data by IN-VIVO and the Breton Fishing Committees
- 2015-2016: Study financed by Ailes Marines within the CDPMEM 22 on the measurement of economic impacts and the calculation of compensation needs
- 2017-2018: BMMF mission to study the fishing compensation methodology on the basis of protocols aimed at measuring the impacts of the wind farm project using Visiomer, VALPENA, declarative data and economic questionnaires.
- 2022: Mission by Breizh Marine Expertise (Yannick Hemeury) to analyse the fishing activity in the wind farm project area.
- BMMF to assist shipping companies in providing proof of attendance
RICEP is the organisation that will be in charge of the economic aspect to assess the need for compensation for the fishing enterprises concerned
Analysis of my use of the area
Study of my accounting data
Calculation of the amount of compensation
Signature of a transaction protocol
Receive your financial compensation
(based on lost sales)
Step 1: Apply online
If I consider that I will be affected by the fishing exclusions during the construction of the offshore wind farm in the Bay of Saint Brieuc
Please note that claims will be definitively closed on 31 December 2022
Step 2: Analysis of my use of the area
This step consists in defining the part of my activity that I usually carry out in the exclusion zones at the time of the work
Assisted by BMMF and RICEP, you will define your frequentation on the basis of VALPENA data or other frequentation data: VMS, AIS or other navigation aid system if it more accurately represents the spatialization of your activity.
The reference period for this spatialization will be 2015-2020
- At the end of this work, you will receive by e-mail a form validating your attendance data. This form must be signed and returned.
Step 3: Review my accounting data
Your economic dependence on the project area is the proportion of your turnover that is usually achieved in the exclusion zones at the time of the works.
It is calculated by RICEP by cross-referencing your attendance data with your monthly turnover.
- To do this, you must provide your monthly and annual turnover for the period 2015 to 2020 (the most favourable year for the works phase will be used).
- You will receive an email with a form to validate your retained turnover and return it signed.
Step 4: Calculating the amount of compensation
It is calculated by RICEP, and corresponds to 60% of the best turnover (regulatory reference used in the fisheries sector in the framework of temporary closures) achieved in the exclusion zones between 2015 and 2020.
Step 5: Signing of a settlement protocol
This collaboration agreement will be sent to you by post. It defines the amount of my compensation and the conditions associated with my compensation (commitment to respect the fishing restrictions during the works).
- This document must be returned signed and accompanied by the documents necessary for the payment of my compensation (RIB and Kbis).
Step 6: Receive your financial compensation
Payment of compensation for future work on an annual basis within 45 days of receipt of the settlement agreement duly completed and signed by the parties.